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What evidence is there of bias essays imes committed (Government Strategy on female Offending 2000), I would argue that they also reflect a difference in attitudes towards men and women which is not based on tangible reasons for different sentencing e.g. criminal histories (See Appendix 1 which illustrates differences in sentencing for the same offence). I would argue that when we dig below the superficial appearance discussed above research suggests that discrimination can adversely affect women. There is evidence to suggest that women are more likely to go to prison for a first or second offence (Dominelli, Nacro 1991). “A disturbing and inexplicably higher proportion of women than men currently sentenced to immediate imprisonment have no previous conviction.” Susan Edwards “Perspectives on Race and Gender” in Stockdale, E. Casale, S: Criminal Justice Under Stress Dominelli argues that women are treated more harshly due to the “double jeopardy” theory of female offending. This is a theory much referred to by writers essay topics Aston Martin IPO; Relief in Italy; Tesco slides female offending and suggests how women are treated more severely as they have transgressed gender norms as well as social norms (Heidensohn: Oxford Handbook and Carlen 1992). “Female defendants are processed within the criminal justice system in accordance with the crimes which they committed and the extent to which the commission of the act and its nature deviate from appropriate female behaviour” Edwards 1984 quoted in Carlen and Worrall 1992, p20. (emphasis added) Many authors have discussed the “Chivalric” attitude towards female offenders within the Criminal Justice System (Heidenson 1981). Authors advocating this theory would argue that women receive more lenient treatment from Criminal Justice workers, due to the belief that they are women who need help. This is illustrated Winning numbers drawn in Pick 4 Evening game | WJAX-TV the Statistics on Female offending which suggest that women on average receive shorter sentences even when the same crime .